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To come to Canada as a refugee, you must be:
1: referred by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) or another designated referral organization, or
be sponsored by a private sponsorship group.
2: You cannot apply directly for resettlement to Canada at any embassy or a visa office.
For this you can apply Under the Government-Assisted Refugees (GAR) Program, refugees are referred to Canada for resettlement by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) or another referral organization, ( Individuals cannot apply directly )
So You must register for refugee status with the UNHCR or state authorities to be considered by a referral organization.
A GAR’s initial resettlement in Canada is entirely supported by the Government of Canada or the province of Quebec. This support is delivered by non-governmental agencies called service provider organizations funded by CIC.
GARs receive support for up to one year from the date they arrive in Canada, or until they are able to support themselves, whichever happens first.